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CBSE Unveils New Assessment Pattern for Classes XI and XII: What You Need to Know

CBSE Unveils New Assessment Pattern for Classes XI and XII: What You Need to Know

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has announced significant changes to the assessment and evaluation pattern for classes XI and XII, effective from the academic year 2024-25. These modifications aim to align with the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 and foster a more comprehensive learning environment.

Changes in Assessment Weightage

The most notable adjustment involves the redistribution of weightage among different types of questions in theory examinations. The weightage of constructed response questions, including short answer questions and long answer type questions, has been decreased from 40% to 30%. Meanwhile, the weightage of competency-focused questions has been increased to 50%, up from the previous 40%. This shift emphasizes the application of concepts in real-life scenarios and encourages critical thinking skills among students.

Competency-Based Questions

Competency-based questions now hold a significant portion of the assessment, encompassing various formats such as Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs), case-based questions, and source-based integrated questions. These questions are designed to evaluate students’ ability to apply theoretical knowledge to practical situations, aligning with the objectives outlined in NEP 2020.

Selective-Type Questions

Selective-type questions, particularly MCQs, will retain their 20% weightage in the assessment scheme. While these questions offer a more direct assessment of factual knowledge, their role is complemented by the increased emphasis on competency-based questions, fostering a balanced evaluation approach.

Rationale Behind the Changes

The decision to revamp the assessment pattern reflects CBSE’s commitment to promoting holistic learning outcomes and moving away from rote memorization. By prioritizing competency-based assessments, CBSE aims to cultivate the creative, critical, and systems thinking capacities essential for students to thrive in the 21st century.

Implications for Students and Educators

These changes necessitate a shift in teaching and learning strategies to align with the revised assessment pattern. Educators are encouraged to incorporate more interactive and application-oriented teaching methodologies to prepare students effectively for the updated evaluation system. Additionally, students are advised to focus on understanding concepts thoroughly and applying them to diverse contexts, rather than relying solely on memorization.

CBSE Assessment and Evaluation Practices Update for Session 2024-25

In this article, we’ll delve into the latest updates from CBSE regarding the assessment and evaluation practices for classes Ninth to Twelfth for the academic session 2024-25.

Understanding the CBSE Update

On April third, CBSE released crucial updates outlining the assessment and evaluation processes for the academic year 2024-25. These updates shed light on various aspects, including the structure of papers, weightage distribution, and question formats.

Changes in Assessment Patterns

Shift Towards Competency-Based Education

CBSE’s focus remains on competency-based education, emphasizing a shift away from rote learning. The pattern of questions, including comprehension-based, short answer, and case-based questions, reflects this educational philosophy.

Weightage Allocation

Weightage allocation for different question types has been restructured. Previously, multiple-choice questions (MCQs) held a certain weightage, while comprehension-based questions had another. However, in the upcoming academic session, the weightage remains consistent across question types.

Consistency in Evaluation Methods

Maintaining Previous Patterns

For classes Ninth and Tenth, CBSE has maintained the evaluation patterns from the previous academic sessions. This consistency provides students with a familiar framework to follow.

Assessment Criteria

In the academic session 2023-24, competency-based questions carried a weightage of 50%. This weightage remains unchanged for the upcoming session, ensuring continuity in assessment criteria.

Examination Formats

Select Response Questions

The weightage for select response questions, such as multiple-choice questions, remains at 20%, ensuring consistency across academic sessions.

Constructive Response Questions

For constructive response questions, such as short answer and long answer types, the weightage has been adjusted from 40% to 30%. This modification aligns with CBSE’s focus on competency-based evaluation.

CBSE’s recent updates provide insights into the evolving landscape of assessment and evaluation practices. By emphasizing competency-based education and restructuring weightage allocations, CBSE aims to foster holistic learning experiences for students. As we prepare for the upcoming academic session, it’s essential to adapt to these changes and embark on our academic journey with diligence and enthusiasm.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Why has CBSE modified the assessment pattern for classes XI and XII?

  • The modifications aim to align with the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 and foster a more comprehensive learning environment that prioritizes competency-based assessments.

2. What are competency-based questions, and why are they significant?

  • Competency-based questions assess students’ ability to apply theoretical knowledge to real-life situations, promoting critical thinking and problem-solving skills essential for success in the 21st century.

3. How should students and educators adapt to the new assessment pattern?

  • Students should focus on understanding concepts thoroughly and practicing application-oriented questions. Educators are encouraged to adopt interactive teaching methodologies that facilitate deeper learning and skill development.


The revamped assessment pattern introduced by CBSE underscores the importance of holistic learning outcomes and the development of essential skills for students. By prioritizing competency-based assessments, CBSE aims to nurture a generation of learners equipped to tackle the challenges of the modern world effectively.

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