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How Telangana 2 Lakh Crop Loan Waiver Benefits Farmers 2 లక్షల పంట రుణ మాఫీ

How Telangana 2 Lakh Crop Loan Waiver Benefits Farmers 2 లక్షల పంట రుణ మాఫీ

The Context of Telangana 2 Lakh Crop Loan Waiver

The Telangana government initiated a groundbreaking agricultural reform through the 2 Lakh Crop Loan Waiver scheme. This initiative aims to alleviate the financial burdens on farmers by waiving off their crop loans up to ₹2 lakh. This policy holds significant promise for improving the socio-economic conditions of the farming community in Telangana.

Key Points:

  • Objective: Waive off outstanding crop loans for eligible farmers.
  • Loan Coverage: Short-term production loans and crop loans against gold availed from scheduled commercial banks, cooperative credit institutions, and regional rural banks.
  • Eligible Loan Amount: Up to Rs. 1 lakh (principal + interest) per farmer family (defined as head of family, spouse, and dependent children).
  • Cut-off Date: Loans sanctioned/renewed on or after April 1, 2014, and outstanding as of December 11, 2018.
  • Ineligible Loans: Loans from non-institutional sources, advances against pledged produce (except standing crop), tie-up loans, closed/written-off loans, JLG/RMG/LEC loans, and restructured/rescheduled loans.
  • Implementation Process:
    • An IT portal is developed to collect, process data, and finalize the list of beneficiaries.
    • Banks prepare village-wise lists of eligible farmers meeting the criteria.
    • JMLBC meetings are conducted at the mandal level to identify duplicate financing and ensure one farmer family benefits only once.
    • Social audit is conducted at the village level for transparency.
    • Final list of eligible farmers is prepared for loan waiver.
  • Loan Waiver Schedule:
    • Phase 1: Farmers with outstanding loans up to Rs. 25,000 only.
    • Others: Eligible loan amount (up to Rs. 1 lakh) waived off in four installments.
  • Monitoring and Grievance Redressal: A mechanism is established at mandal, district, and state levels for monitoring and addressing grievances.

Not Included in the Summary:

  • The order includes several annexures outlining formats for data collection and processing during the implementation (annexures A-E). These haven’t been included in the summary for brevity.

Importance of 2 Lakh Crop Loan Waiver

Crop loan waivers are critical in addressing the distress caused by debt among farmers. They play a vital role in ensuring agricultural sustainability, boosting the morale of farmers, and preventing the cycle of indebtedness that often leads to extreme measures such as suicides.

Historical Context

Previous Loan Waiver Schemes in India

India has a long history of crop loan waiver schemes. These schemes have been implemented at both state and national levels, aiming to provide relief to farmers facing financial distress due to crop failures, low prices, and other adversities.

Evolution of Agricultural Policies in Telangana

Since its formation in 2014, Telangana has implemented several policies to support agriculture. The government has focused on irrigation projects, subsidies, and now, the significant crop loan waiver scheme to bolster the agrarian economy.

Key Features of Telangana’s 2 Lakh Crop Loan Waiver

Eligibility Criteria

Telangana Government Implements Comprehensive Crop Loan Waiver Scheme

The Government of Telangana has issued new guidelines for the Crop Loan Waiver Scheme 2024, aiming to support the state’s agricultural sector. This initiative seeks to alleviate the financial burdens of farmers by waiving crop loans, thereby enhancing the rural economy’s stability.

Significance of Agriculture in Telangana

In Telangana, approximately 60% of the population lives in rural areas, primarily dependent on farming, animal husbandry, dairy, and fisheries. The agriculture sector contributes significantly to the state’s Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP), accounting for 18% in the fiscal year 2024-25. However, the sector is vulnerable to frequent droughts and other calamities, which often lead to distress among small and marginal farmers. Recognizing the critical need for sectoral recovery, the state government has prioritized large-scale public investment and direct support to farmers.

Introduction to the Crop Loan Waiver Scheme 2024

The Telangana government has introduced the Crop Loan Waiver Scheme 2024 to address the financial challenges faced by farmers. This scheme covers institutional loans and excludes loans from non-institutional sources. The scheme aims to break the cycle of debt that traps farmers, particularly those who rely on high-interest loans for agricultural inputs.

Scope and Eligibility of the Crop Loan Waiver Scheme

The scheme applies to short-term production loans and crop loans against gold provided by scheduled commercial banks, cooperative credit institutions (including urban cooperative banks), and regional rural banks. The waiver covers amounts up to Rs. 1 lakh per family, including principal and applicable interest, but excludes processing, legal, insurance, and inspection charges. The scheme covers loans sanctioned or renewed after April 1, 2014, and outstanding as of December 11, 2024.

Exclusions from the Waiver Scheme

Certain types of loans are excluded from the waiver scheme, including:

  • Advances against pledge or hypothecation of agricultural produce other than standing crop
  • Tie-up loans
  • Closed crop loan accounts and written-off loans
  • Loans to Joint Liability Groups (JLGs), Rythu Mitra Groups (RMGs), and Lift Irrigation Schemes (LECs)
  • Restructured or rescheduled loans

Definition of Short-Term Production Loans

Short-term production loans are loans given for raising crops, repayable within 18 months. This category also includes working capital loans for traditional and non-traditional plantation and horticulture crops.

Implementation Guidelines

The implementation of the Crop Loan Waiver Scheme involves several steps:

  1. Development of an IT Portal: The Commissioner of Agriculture will develop an IT portal for data collection, processing, and finalization of beneficiaries’ outstanding and eligible amounts.
  2. Preparation of Farmer Lists: Each lending institution will prepare village-wise lists of farmers with outstanding crop loans as of December 11, 2024. These lists will be compared and verified to eliminate duplicates and false claims.
  3. Verification and Social Audit: The verification process involves several steps, including cross-verification by Co-op. Department auditors, scrutiny of data in the IT portal, and a social audit conducted in the villages.
  4. Finalization and Approval: The final lists of eligible farmers will be prepared, approved by district-level committees, and uploaded to the IT portal for processing.
  5. Schedule of Loan Waiver: Farmers with loans up to Rs. 25,000 will have their loans

Implementation Phases

The waiver is implemented in phases, targeting different categories of farmers based on the amount of outstanding loan and the date of disbursement.

Funding and Budget Allocation

The Telangana government has allocated a substantial budget to ensure the effective implementation of this scheme. The financial planning includes timely disbursement of funds to banks to settle the outstanding loans of eligible farmers.

Economic Impact

Immediate Financial Relief

The waiver provides immediate financial relief to farmers, reducing their debt burden and allowing them to reinvest in agriculture.

Long-term Economic Benefits

In the long run, the scheme is expected to enhance agricultural productivity, stabilize farm incomes, and contribute to the overall economic development of the state.

Social Impact

Improved Quality of Life for Farmers

By alleviating debt, farmers can improve their quality of life, access better healthcare, and provide better education for their children.

Psychological Benefits

The reduction in financial stress leads to better mental health among farmers, reducing instances of depression and suicide.

Agricultural Impact

Increased Investment in Agriculture

Freed from the shackles of debt, farmers are more likely to invest in better seeds, fertilizers, and technology, leading to increased productivity.

Encouragement for Sustainable Practices

With financial burdens eased, farmers can focus on sustainable agricultural practices, contributing to long-term environmental benefits.

Challenges and Limitations

Financial Sustainability of the Scheme

While the scheme provides immediate relief, its long-term financial sustainability is a concern. The government needs to ensure continuous funding without affecting other developmental projects.

Impact on Credit Culture

There is a risk that frequent loan waivers might affect the credit discipline among farmers, leading to potential difficulties in future loan procurement.

Case Studies

Success Stories

Numerous farmers have benefited from the scheme, leading to notable improvements in their financial and social status.

Areas Needing Improvement

Some regions have faced challenges in the implementation of the scheme, highlighting areas for policy refinement and better execution strategies.

Expert Insights

Views from Agricultural Economists

Experts highlight the need for complementary policies alongside loan waivers, such as better market access, price support mechanisms, and crop insurance schemes.

Government Officials’ Perspectives

Government officials emphasize the importance of continuous monitoring and evaluation to ensure the scheme’s success and sustainability.

How to Claim Government Reimbursement for Crop Loan Waiver

Securing financial support through government schemes can be crucial for farmers. Understanding the process of claiming crop loan waivers is essential to ensure smooth reimbursement. This article details the step-by-step procedure for farmers to claim reimbursement under the government’s crop loan waiver scheme, ensuring transparency and efficiency.

Consolidation of Lists by District Level Bankers’ Committee

The first step in the reimbursement process involves the consolidation of lists village-wise and district-wise. This is carried out through a meeting organized by the District Level Bankers’ Committee (DLBC). Once all district lists are consolidated, they are submitted to the State Level Bankers’ Committee (SLBC). The SLBC then raises a claim to the Commissioner of Agriculture or the respective government authority. Reimbursement to farmers is executed via Account Payee Cheques.

Downloading and Printing Acquittance

After finalizing the lists, the Agriculture Department downloads and prints the Acquittance based on Annexure-E from the portal. The printed documents are then used to collect signatures from the farmers, acknowledging the receipt of their cheques. This step ensures that the funds are disbursed accurately and records are maintained.

Undertaking by Farmers

During the cheque distribution, the Agriculture Department requires farmers to sign an undertaking. This document ensures that farmers commit to repaying the waiver amount if it is later discovered that they fraudulently obtained the crop loan or are ineligible under the scheme. This precautionary measure helps maintain the integrity of the waiver process.

Auditing Procedures

Upon completing the reimbursement process, auditors from the Cooperation Department conduct a thorough audit of the Primary Agricultural Cooperative Societies. The audit aims to verify the accuracy of the waiver amounts and ensure compliance with the procedures prescribed by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD). These audits may be performed by concurrent, statutory, or special auditors.

Responsibilities of Lending Institutions

Lending institutions play a crucial role in the crop loan waiver scheme. They are responsible for ensuring the accuracy and integrity of the lists of eligible farmers and the details of the waiver amounts. All documents and lists prepared for the scheme must be signed by an authorized officer of the lending institution to certify their correctness.

Monitoring and Grievance Redressal Mechanism

A robust monitoring and grievance redressal system is established at the Mandal, District, and State levels. This system is integrated into the portal to handle any issues or complaints from farmers. Authorities must resolve all representations within 30 days and inform the applicants of the outcome. This mechanism ensures that any grievances are promptly addressed and resolved, maintaining the scheme’s transparency and fairness.


Navigating the process of claiming crop loan waivers requires a clear understanding of the steps involved. From the consolidation of lists to the auditing of accounts and the establishment of grievance redressal mechanisms, each step is designed to ensure that the process is fair, transparent, and efficient. By following these guidelines, farmers can successfully claim their entitlements and receive the support they need from the government.

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