Village Development Plan and Agenda – Role of Sarpanch of Gram Panchayat 3


Gram Swaraj was the dream of Mahatma Gandhi and formed the bedrock of political ideology during the freedom struggle. In order to translate this dream into reality and to usher in democratic decentralisation, the Constitution of India was amended through 73rd Amendment Act, thereby according constitutional status to the Panchayat Raj Institutions. The central objective of this path-breaking initiative is to accelerate physical and socio-economic development of rural areas within a participatory governance framework. It is envisaged that the Panchayat Raj Institutions act as a vibrant third tier of government in rural areas, preparing and implementing plans for economic development and social justice Role of Sarpanch of Gram Panchayat. G.O.Ms.No. 10 Date: 18.01.2013 GO Ms No 791, GA (Gen/Leg. Co.ordn.) Dept. dt.7.11.2013.

Gram Panchayat and Gram Sabha are two main instruments of self-governance at the village level. Both these institutions are headed by Gram Sarpanch. Thus, the Sarpanch has to play a pivotal role in actualizing the goals of democratic decentralisation to the grassroots level as enshrined in the Constitution of India. He/she should articulate the perceptions about self-governance of the Village and ensure the effective participation of Members of Gram Panchayat and villagers in the decision-making processes relating to village development, particularly planning, administration, and delivery of public services. The Sarpanch needs to instil the pride of MANA VURU (Our Village) among the villagers and act as a Change Agent for Village Transformation.

The Ministry of Panchayat Raj, Government of India have introduced Rajiv Gandhi Panchayat Sashaktikaran Abhiyan (RGPSA), a new scheme aimed at strengthening the Panchayat Raj System in the country, especially Gram Panchayats. As part of this exercise, orders have been issued in the G.O. read above wherein 32 village level government functionaries responsible for 29 different functions are made accountable to Gram Sabhas. These 32 functionaries need to work closely with the Gram Sarpanch if the Gram Panchayat has to transform into a platform of convergence, accountability and transparency for effective implementation of flagship programmes of the Government. He/she is expected to act as a catalyst for the integrated development of the Village with clearly defined goals and targets in respect of basic minimum services. He should specifically focus on:

Role of Sarpanch of Gram Panchayat:-

Micro planning and prioritization of needs in the Village Convergence of funds and functionaries of all Government schemes at the village level to achieve human development goals.

Gram Panchayat as a unit of self-governance at village level and as a platform to articulate the needs and aspirations of people within its jurisdiction is expected to champion the responsibility to promote economic development and social justice. This is possible only when all field level functionaries and the Committees established by various Government departments at the village level work closely with the Sarpanch and Members of Gram Panchayat to achieve the targets set for development of village in a time-bound manner. The Government feels that entrusting certain ‘leadership’ and ‘coordination’ functions to Sarpanch would help in strengthening the Gram Panchayat Administration and promoting convergence of various Government schemes in the field. Further, the Sarpanches must strive to achieve physical and socio-economic development targets under various schemes. The best-performing Gram Panchayats, under the leadership of Sarpanches will be identified in a transparent manner, incentivized for their good work and awarded.

In exercise of the powers conferred under Section 268 read with Sections 45 and 46 of A.P.P.R Act 1994 and in pursuance of the orders issued on devolution of powers to Panchayat Raj Institutions, the Government hereby order that the following important functions be discharged/coordinated by the Sarpanch of the Gram Panchayat (25-Point Agenda) besides other functions stipulated in APPR Act 1994.

Twenty-five Points Village Development Agenda for Sarpanch of Gram Panchayat

S.No

Functions

Village level functionaryresponsible

Mandal level

functionary

responsible

Provision as per

APPR Act

1994

I. Effective Gram Panchyat Administration
1. Regular conduct of GramSabha and Gram Panchayat meetings Pt. Sect E.O.PR&RD Sec  6  andSec 37
2. 100%       obilization  on    ofG.P. accounts and other office records Pt. Sect E.O.PR&RD Sec  266
3. 100% levy and collection of taxes,     charges,  fees  and other     non-tax     resourcesobilizati         to         Gram

Panchayat/Adoption of innovative     measures     for

additional                 resource

obilization within GP

Pt. Sect E.O.PR&RD Sec 60
4. 100% registration of births &deaths Pt.Secy E.O.PR&RD Sec 45
5. Preparation and implementation of Village Development  Plan  includingVillage Spatial Plan Pt.Secy E.O.PR&RD Sec 45
II. Provision of Civic Amenities
6. 100%  access  to  safe  and clean  drinking  water  to  allhouseholds Pt. Sect A.E.E (RWS)E.O.PR&RD Sec.45
7. 100%      coverage      under functional Individual SanitaryLatrines     (ISL)     &     Open

Defecation-free Village

Pt. Sect A.E.E (RWS)E.O.PR&RD Sec.45
8. 100% cleaning of all drains &streets  and  other  public places and establishing a sanitary system of waste disposal Pt. Sect A.E.E (RWS)E.O.PR&RD Sec.45
9. Provision  of  100%  energy- efficient Street Lighting in GPand     ensuring     its     daily

functioning

Pt. Sect A.E.E (PR) E.O.PR&RD Sec.45
10. Effective     maintenance     of internal roads, buildings, playgrounds   (Village   Playfield), parks, markets, etc Pt. Sect A.E.E (PR) E.O.PR&RD Sec.45

 

III. Health & Nutrition
11. 100%       registration       of pregnant  women  and  theirenrolment in AWCs ANM AWW PHC doctorICDS

supervisor

Sec.46
12 100% institutional delivery ANM PHC doctor ICDS supervisor Sec.46
13. 100%      immunization      of children 0-5 years ANM PHC doctorICDS

supervisor

Sec.46
14. 100% enrolment of lactating mothers and children in theage group 6 months – 5 years

in AWC and coverage under supplementary nutrition/ quality foods programme

ANM AWW PHC doctorICDS

supervisor

Sec.46
15 100%   coverage   of   eligible couples with Family Planningmeasures ANM ASHA PHC doctorICDS

supervisor

Sec.46
IV. Education
16. 100%  enrolment  of  children in the age group 6-14 years,coverage  under  Mid-day Meals  scheme,  identification of  all  eligible  students  for

admission into hostels and facilitating    them    to    get

admission.

School HM MEO/ HostelWardens Sec.46
17. 100% retention of children in the age group 6-14 years inschools School HM MEO/ HostelWardens Sec.46
18. 100% enrolment of 15 years& above age group illiterates in  Adult  Education  Centres

and        neo-literates        in

Continuing Education Centres

Prerak Mandal Literacy Coordinator Sec 46
V. Welfare & Developmental Activities
19. 100%  timely  distribution  of all  sanctioned  pensions  (OldAge Pension, Widow Pension, Pensions      for      Physically

Challenged & other pensions) and identification of eligible persons in Gram Sabha

Pt. SectV.O.  &  IKP

field staff

MPDO/ APM(SERP) Sec.46
20. 100%   Registration   of   all eligible  newly  born  girls  in“Bangaru Talli” VRO/IKP Staff Tahsildar/ APM (SERP) Sec.46
21. 100% coverage of all needy families    in    MNREGS    andidentification of eligible youth

for  skill  development activities under various schemes

Pt. Sect/ FieldAssistant/

V.O.(SHGs)

MPDO/APM (SERP) Sec.46
22. Ensuring  regular  delivery  of quality food grains to all theration  card  holders  as  per their entitlement VRO Tahsildar Sec.46

 

23. Adoption  of  improved methods  of  cultivation through  Demo  plots  with  aview  to  improving productivity   in   Agriculture/

Horticulture Crops

Agrl. Extension Officer/Adarsha

Rythus

Mandal Agriculture Officer Sec.46
24. Provision of veterinary health care to all livestock in the GP Village Livestock Officer/Veterinary

Assistant/ Paravet/

Gopal Mitra

Veterinary Assistant Surgeon Sec.46
25. Protection of the Panchayat & Government      lands      andPlantation of trees in Village

Common lands for community purpose

VRO/ Pt.Secy/VSS Tahsildar/ ForestOfficer Sec.46

6. Field level functionaries of all line departments should provide necessary assistance in their respective activities to Sarpanch in discharging various functions so as to achieve targets. While doing so, the village level institutions such as Schools, Anganwadi Centre, Health Sub-Centre, Fair Price Shops, SHG Federations (VO), Watershed Committees, VSS, etc., shall establish close linkages with Gram Panchayat and achieve convergence. If any of the field level government or Panchayat functionary fails to assist the Gram Panchayat/Sarpanch in discharging the above functions, the Sarpanch should send written complaint to the disciplinary authority concerned. The disciplinary authority in turn should submit Action Taken Report to the Sarpanch concerned. Any slackness in this matter on the part of disciplinary authority will be viewed seriously. The District Panchayat Officer/District Collector shall monitor the action taken by the respective disciplinary authorities every month.

7. Continuous capacity building of Sarpanches and Ward Members is an essential requirement for effective discharge of functions entrusted to Gram Panchayats/Sarpanchs. The respective line departments should play active role in organizing training programmes to the Sarpanches in the activities/functions concerned in coordination with the AMR-APARD and Commissioner of Panchayat Raj in this regard. Priority in training shall be given to conducting exposure visits to innovative practices and participatory interactive training sessions. The quality of training shall be assessed based on the performance of Gram Panchayats led by Sarpanches on the above indicators.

8. There shall be a web based monitoring and assessment system for continuous tracking of performance of Gram Panchayats in terms of the achievements on the Village Development Agenda. All GPs in the state will be assessed and ranked on the effective discharge of the 25 functions mentioned above. Awards will be given to the best performing Gram Panchayats led by Sarpanches at Mandal, District and State level on the Independence Day celebration held every year. For this purpose Panchayat Performance Assessment Committee will be set up at State, District and Mandal level. The details of composition of the Committees, selection process, number of awards, amount of award at each level, format of proposal and questionnaire for assessment of performance will be issued in due course.

The Gram Panchayat Sarpanches in the state will take action for the preparation of Village Development Plan/Agenda, including Spatial Plan. The Director of Town & Country Planning shall prepare model Village Spatial Plan guidelines and circulate the same to District Collectors/District Panchyat officers to enable them to prepare Village Spatial Plans. He/she must ensure that all the villages in the agglomerations of metropolitan/urban development authorities have spatial plans approved so that developments in these villages do not take place haphazardly. The Commissioner, Panchayat Raj shall prepare model Village Development Plans/guidelines and circulate the same to Districts for guidance.

10. The Commissioner, Panchayat Raj and RE is requested to take necessary follow up action on the above orders in coordination with the line departments.


About Pavan

Advocate, Journalist and Founder of Telangana Navanirmana Sena From Mahabubnagar,Telangana State, India Email Me — pavan@tgnns.com


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