Indiramma Pachcha Toranam provision of Chettu Patta

The works related to drought proofing including afforestation and tree planting are permissible works as per Schedule I-section I (ii) of the MGNREG Act. Apart from promoting ecological balance, these works can provide sustainable livelihoods for the rural poor. Government is therefore promoting horticulture programmes on the lands of the SC/ST & small/marginal farmers as a part of MGNREGS. Although this programme  has  had  substantial  success,  the  further  progress  is  limited,  since majority of rural poor are either landless or have small/marginal holdings.

Indiramma Pachcha Toranam

Commissioner Rural Development proposed that large extents of Government land such as: road margins, irrigation tank foreshore areas, drain/canal bunds, are lying unutilized and can be used for afforestation with suitable species – thereby not only protecting and strengthening these public resources, but provide sustainable employment for the poorest of poor households. It has been proposed that each landless job card holder/household can be allowed to raise plantation/horticulture plants on a piece of public land; and can be given ‘chettu patta’ or usufruct rights on these trees. The plantation and protection of the plantation/horticulture can be supported under MGNREGS and the concerned department will give chettu patta for the trees so raised.

Government of Andhra , after consideration approve the proposal to allow plantation/horticulture on the public lands under MGNREGS and resolve to give heritable but inalienable usufruct rights on such trees to the job card holders. The programme is named “Indiramma Pachcha Toranam” and shall be implemented as   a   MGNREGS  convergence   project  implemented   along   with   other   State Government departments as per the following guidelines:a) Objectives:

i.    To provide productive shelf of works for wage seekers under MGNREGS. ii.    To provide sustainable and green assets for livelihood of the rural poor. iii.    To allow protection and productive use of public lands and promote ecological balance by promoting soil/water conservation

b) Scope:

i.     All  Government  lands  lying  free  of  occupation  like:  road  margins, canal/drain bunds, tank foreshore areas beyond the maximum level, other unutilised lands with irrigation department and unused lands of education  institutions  –  can  be  used  for  plantation  under  the programme, subject to public safety and convenience.

ii.    The  landless  SC/ST  households  can  be  beneficiaries  under  the programme.

iii.     The beneficiary should have worked for at least 20 days as unskilled worker in the preceding financial year under MGNREGS programme.

c) Identification:

i.    The beneficiaries for the programme shall be identified by the Village

Organisation of SHGs (VOs) by end of May each year, along with the possible lands which can be allotted to each.

ii.     The  identified  beneficiaries  along  with  the  proposed  lands  shall  be placed in the Gram Sabha as per MGNREG guidelines for approval.

iii.    The  Village  Revenue  Officers  will  share  with  the  VOs  the  list  of Government lands in each village for the purpose of this programme.

iv.    On approval of Gram Sabha, VO shall file, on or before 31st of May each year, an application on behalf of the identified beneficiaries (Proforma in  Annexure  I)  before  the  designated  authority  responsible  for protection of such Government land seeking permission to plant under the programme duly specifying: the areas for plantation, name of the beneficiary, species proposed to be planted.

d) Permission:

i.     The designated authority, on receipt of application in Format I, shall consider  the  same  and  decide  within  15  days  whether  to  give permission of not.

ii.    If no order is passed within 15 days from the date of application in Format I, it shall be deemed as consent for plantation.

iii.    Permission for plantation shall not be refused unless such plantation (a) could threaten the public safety or (b) land is unavailable or under dispute or (c) land is required for departmental use in near future.

iv.    All cases of rejection for plantation can be appealed to the District

Collector, who shall have the power to over-rule the rejection made and could grant permission.

v.     Permission granted shall be in Format II (Annexure II) which shall contain granting of usufruct rights on the trees planted which shall be heritable but not alienable.

vi.    Each beneficiary shall be allotted land strips for planting not more than 200 plants at spacing not less than 5 meters per plant. The actual spacing can be more or less depending on the species proposed to be planted.

vii.     Permission granted can be revoked by the District Collector based on the report of the Programme Officer of MGNREGS and the designated authority for protection of the  land  if the beneficiary has:  (a) not performed his obligations as per the scheme (b) damaged and attempts to damage the land (c) encroached lands of nearby farmers or (d) has done or attempts to do any illegal act on the land.

e) Components of work:

i.     The specifications and estimate for the programme covering unskilled wage work/skilled wage/material for covering the pitting, planting and protection  for  5  years  shall  be  finalised  by  Commissioner  Rural Development immediately.

ii.    The following shall be included in the estimate:

a)  Cost of pitting, planting, plant cost, fencing, fertilizers.

b)  Water conservation trench between plants.

c)  Cost of watering, weeding and soil working tools.

d)  Unskilled/ Semi-skilled wages to the beneficiary for five years, based on number of live plants.

e)  Capacity building for the beneficiary.

f)   Supervisory and Technical support.

iii.     The wages for watering and protection shall be paid monthly only for the live plants throughout the 5 year period.

f)  Implementation:

i.     The  work  shall  be  executed  as  per  MGNREGS  guidelines  and implemented as MCC work. However, all material including watering

payments shall be paid at ACC.

ii.     The estimates for the work under MGNREGS shall be generated by the Programme Officer at MCC before 15th June and sent for administrative sanction   of   the   District   Programme   Coordinator  so   that  all administrative sanctions are available before 15th June each year.

iii.     The beneficiary shall be issued musters for unskilled work till they complete their entitlement days in a year; and thereafter, they shall be provided work under the skilled wage category under the programme.

iv.    The  cost  of  wages/material  under  the  scheme  shall  be  transferred directly into the bank accounts of the beneficiaries.

g) Species to be planted:

i.     Drought resistant grafted fruit trees with shorter gestation period, and which have the approval of the beneficiary shall be selected. Selection can be made from species such as (indicative not exhaustive): Mango, Guava, Sapota, Jamun, Coconut, Sitaphalm Tamarind or pulpwood plantations.

ii.    Usually,  only  one  row  on  each  side  of  the  road  shall  be  planted.

However, multi-row plantations can be taken up where sufficient land is available.

iii.    Plant material shall be mature: i.e. two year or older.

h) Obligations of the beneficiaries:

i.     Shall perform all operations for raising, protecting, watering the trees as per the estimate, either with the members of his household or with

the other members of the Srama Sakti Sangham.

ii.     Shall reap the usufruct of the trees after they are mature without damaging the trees or the public assets; and if removal of the plant is essential, shall do replantation at his cost.

iii.    Shall not encroach on other lands, not allotted to him as per Format II. iv.    Shall not do or attempt to do any activity that would damage the land allotted.

v.    Shall not use the land for doing any act prohibited under Law.

Commissioner  Rural  Development  shall  finalise  the  modalities  under  the scheme in consultation with the other Heads of Department immediately so that implementation can begin from 2013 onwards. CEO SERP is requested to mobilise all the VOs for expeditious identification of the poorest of poor beneficiaries and the lands suitable for plantation. All District Collectors shall oversee implementation of the scheme personally. For the purpose of monitoring, arranging for watering and to give  technical  support,  one  Technical  Assistant/plantation  supervisor  shall  be deployed for every 30 kilometers of stretch in case of roads or for every 200 acres in case of other areas meeting the cost from the MGNREGS administrative cost.

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